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Multi-omics analysis defines core genomic alterationsin pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas
|EGAD00001000986||Illumina HiSeq 2000||60|
Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PCC/PGL) are neural crest derived tumors with a very strong genetic component. We report the first integrated genomic portrayal of a large collection of PCC/PGL. SNP array analysis revealed distinct copy-number patterns associated with genetic background. Whole-exome sequencing showed a low mutation rate of 0.3 mutations per megabase, with few recurrent somatic mutations in genes not previously associated with PCC/PGL. DNA methylation arrays and miRNA sequencing identified DNA methylation changes and miRNA expression clusters strongly associated with mRNA expression profiling. Overexpression of the miRNA cluster 182/96/183 was specific of SDHB-mutated tumors and induced invasive traits, whereas silencing of the imprinted DLK1-MEG3 miRNA cluster appeared as a potential driver in a subgroup of sporadic tumors. Altogether, the complete genomic landscape of PCC/PGL is mainly driven by distinct germline and/or somatic mutations in susceptibility genes and reveals different molecular entities, characterized by a set of unique genomic alterations.