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BLUEPRINT: Epigenetic programming during monocyte to macrophage differentiation and trained innate immunity
|EGAD00001001011||Illumina HiSeq 2000,NextSeq 500||57|
Monocyte differentiation into macrophages represents a cornerstone process for host defense. Concomitantly, immunological imprinting of either tolerance or trained immunity determines the functional fate of macrophages and susceptibility to secondary infections. Transcriptomes (RNA-Seq) and epigenomes (ChIP-Seq H3K4me1,H3K4me3,H3K27ac) in four primary cell types: monocytes, in vitro differentiated naive, tolerized and trained macrophages were characterized. Inflammatory and metabolic pathways were modulated in macrophages, including decreased inflammasome activation, and pathways functionally implicated in trained immunity were identified. Strikingly, B-glucan training elicits an exclusive epigenetic signature, revealing a complex network of enhancers and promoters. Analysis of transcription factor motifs in DNase I hypersensitive sites at cell-type specific epigenetic loci unveiled differentiation and treatment specific repertoires. Altogether, this study provides a resource to understand the epigenetic changes that underlie innate immunity in humans.