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Tracking the evolution of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma under dynamic immune selection by multi-omics sequencing

Dataset ID Technology Samples
EGAD00001009482 HiSeq X Ten,Illumina HiSeq 2000 129

Dataset Description

Intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) has been linked to decreased efficacy of clinical treatments. However, although genomic ITH has been characterized in genetic, transcriptomic and epigenetic alterations are hallmarks of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the extent to which these are heterogeneous in ESCC has not been explored in a unified framework. Further, the extent to which tumor-infiltrated T lymphocytes (TILs) are directed against cancer cells, but how the immune infiltration acts as a selective force to shape the clonal evolution of ESCC is unclear. In this study, we perform multi-omic sequencing on 186 samples from 36 primary ESCC patients. Through multi-omics analyses, it is discovered that genomic, epigenomic, and transcriptomic ITH are underpinned by ongoing chromosomal instability. Based on the RNA-seq data, we observe diverse levels of immune infiltrate across different tumor sites from the same tumor. We reveal genetic mechanisms of neoantigen evasion under distinct selection pressure from the diverse immune microenvironment. Overall, our work offers an avenue ... (Show More)