Study

Mutational Landscape and Tumor Burden Assessed by Cell-Free DNA in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: a Population-based Study

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004733 Other

Study Description

Purpose: We analyzed the utility of cfDNA in a prospective population-based cohort to determine the mutational profile, assess tumor burden, and estimate its impact in response rate and outcome in patients with DLBCL. Experimental Design: One-hundred patients were diagnosed with DLBCL during the study period. Mutational status of 112 genes was studied in cfDNA by targeted next-generation sequencing. Paired formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples and volumetric PET/CT were assessed when available. Results: Appropriate cfDNA to perform the analyses was obtained in 79/100 cases. At least one mutation could be detected in 69/79 cases (87%). The sensitivity of cfDNA to detect the mutations was 68% (95% CI: 56.2-78.7). The mutational landscape found in cfDNA samples was highly consistent with that shown in the tissue and allowed genetic classification in 43% of the cases. A higher amount of ctDNA significantly correlated with clinical parameters related to tumor burden (elevated LDH and β2-microglobulin serum levels, advanced stage, and high-risk IPI) and total metabolic tumor volume assessed by PET/CT. In patients treated with curative intent, high ctDNA levels (>2.5 log hGE/mL) were associated with lower complete response (65% vs. 96%, P<0.004), shorter progression-free survival (65% vs. 85%, P=0.038) and overall survival (73% vs. 100%, P=0.007) at 2 years, although it did not maintain prognostic value in multivariate analyses. Conclusions: In a population-based prospective DLBCL series, cfDNA resulted an alternative source to estimate tumor burden and to determine the tumor mutational profile and genetic classification, which have prognostic implications and may contribute to a future tailored

Study Datasets 2 dataset.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001006565 The mutational status of 112 recurrently mutated genes in B-cell lymphoma was examined by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS). Libraries were performed with 150 ng of genomic DNA (gDNA) obtained from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsy using molecular-barcoded library adapters (ThruPLEX Tag-seq kit; Takara) coupled with a custom hybridization capture based method (SureSelect XT Target Enrichment System Capture strategy, Agilent Technologies Inc.) and sequenced in a MiSeq instrument (Illumina, 2x150bp). 45
EGAD00001006566 The mutational status of 112 recurrently mutated genes in B-cell lymphoma was examined by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS). Libraries were performed with 15-30 ng of cfDNA obtained from plasma using molecular-barcoded library adapters (ThruPLEX Tag-seq kit; Takara) coupled with a custom hybridization capture based method (SureSelect XT Target Enrichment System Capture strategy, Agilent Technologies Inc.) and sequenced in a MiSeq instrument (Illumina, 2x150bp). 79

Who archives the data?

There are no publications available