Study

Single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of the human hematopoietic stem cell compartment (CD34+CD38-CD45RA-)

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001004769 Other

Study Description

To identify a trajectory of human hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) activation single cell gene expression profiling of RNA from human HSC was performed by flow cytometry-based single cell deposition of CD34+CD38—CD45RA—cells from G-CSF-mobilized peripheral blood from 3 individual donors and 1 bone marrow donor in concert with single cell index-sorting (signals indexed: CD34, CD38, CD45RA, CD90, CD49f) and followed by SMARTseq2 based protocol. We show that INKA1 and CDK6/PAK4 expressing single cells segregate across alternative states of quiescence.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001006541 The data provided here was critical in establishing that human long-term hematopoietic stem cells (LT-HSC), previously described as the most primitive HSC population, is actually composed of distinct subsets that can be prospectively isolated. Via mechanistic studies centering around the Rho-GTPase effector kinase PAK4 and its inhibitor INKA1, we identified the immune checkpoint ligand CD112 as a marker for hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, that is highest expressed on LT-HSC. More importantly, CD112 can be used to stratify functionally distinct subsets within LT-HSC: In response to regeneration-mediated stress, the CD112low subset exhibits a transient restraint (termed latency) before contributing to hematopoietic reconstitution, while the CD112high subset is primed to respond rapidly. High resolution RNA-seq of the CD112 surface expression spectrum within rare LT-HSC subsets (human umbilical cord blood) demonstrated that more genes are differentially upregulated in the deeper quiescent and less metabolic active subset. Genes enriched in this subset centre around cell adhesion and Rho-GTPase signaling. This is in agreement with the scRNAseq data from human G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood (mPB) generated here that was used as an model of in vivo activation/priming revealing via RNA-velocity and pseudo-time analysis that INKA1high versus PAK4high, CDK6high and CD112high enrichment are either detected early or late in diffusion pseudotime indicative of quiescent versus primed cell status, respectively. RNAseq following INKA1 overexpression in LT-HSC and ST-HSC revealed by GSEA an overall stemness preserving phenotype and particularly in LT-HSC, but not in short-term HSC (ST-HSC), suppression of transcriptional programs linked to activation. Collectively, our data decipher the molecular intricacies underlying HSC heterogeneity and self-renewal regulation and point to latency as an orchestrated physiological response that integrates quiescence control with HSC fate choices to preserve a stem cell reservoir. Illumina HiSeq 2500 26

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