Transcriptomic Characterization of Human Innate T Cells
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We performed low input RNA-seq and single-cell RNA-seq on 7 lymphocyte populations with the objective of finding the common transcriptional programs shared among innate T cells. In brief, we drew blood from healthy donors and isolated CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, Natural Killer cells, invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, and two γδ T cell populations: Vδ1 and Vδ2. We performed low input RNA-seq on samples with 1000 cells each, for 6 healthy individuals, in duplicate. We performed single-cell RNA-seq with DNA-barcoded hashing antibodies to identify the cell type of origin for each cell. We found a common transcriptional program across lymphocytes that is gradually turned on as lymphocytes have a more "innateness" state, promoting effector functions and sacrificing proliferative capacity. Additionally, we performed low input RNA-seq for Vδ3-expressing γδ T cells and δ/αβ T cells for one healthy individual in duplicate (1000 cells per sample). This revealed δ/αβ T cells are transcriptionally more adaptive-like and Vδ3 more innate-like.
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