||Single cell RNA-sequencing of sternal bone marrow reciding Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) and Megakaryocytes (MKs) from individuals undergoing elective open heart valve replacement. HSCs were defined as Lineage-, CD34+, CD38-, CD45RA-, CD90+, CD49f+ cells. MKs where CD41a+, CD42b+ and ploidy was determined with Hoechst.
A sternal bone marrow scraping was taken directly following median sternotomy using a Volkmann’s spoon. The sample was collected into an EDTA Vacutainer tube containing 1.8mg/ml EDTA. 4mL of Dulbecco’s phosphate buffered saline (PBS, Sigma) containing 10% human serum albumin (HSA, Gemini Bio Products) was added and the whole volume was resuspended by pipetting 2-3 times. The sample was then put on metallic thermal beads (ThermoFisher Scientific) at a temperature between 0-4°C and transported to the University of Cambridge for further processing.
For HSC isolation the cells were stained with the following antibody cocktail: PECy5 conjugated anti-lineage specific antibodies: CD2 (BD), CD3 (BD), CD10 (BD), CD11b (BD), CD11c (BD), CD19 (BD), CD20 (BD), CD56 (BD), biotinylated CD42b (Pab5, NHS Blood and Transplant, International Blood Group Reference Laboratory [IBGRL]), biotinylated GP6 (Pab5, NHS Blood and Transplant, International Blood Group Reference Laboratory [IBGRL]) used in combination with PECy5 conjugated streptavidin (Biolegend). Alexa Fluor 700 conjugated anti-CD34 (BD), PerCP-Cy5.5 conjugated anti-CD38 (BD), Pacific Blue conjugated anti-CD45RA (Invitrogen), PECy7 conjugated anti-CD90 (BD),PE conjugated anti-CD49f (BD). After staining cells were kept at 4°C before sorting using a FACS Aria Fusion flow sorter (BD). Single HSCs defined as Lineage-, CD34+, CD38-, CD45RA-, CD90+, CD49f+ cells were sorted by FACS directly into individual wells of a 96-well plate. Index sort data was collected for each single cell. For MK isolation the cells were stained for surface MK markers with mouse anti-human CD41a APC conjugated antibody (BD) and mouse anti-human CD42b PE conjugated antibody (BD) and for ploidy analysis with 1ug/ml Hoechst 33342 (Invitrogen). After incubation at 37°C for 30 minutes, the cells were kept at 4°C before sorting using a FACS Aria Fusion flow sorter (BD). Single cells and MK pools of 20 cells were sorted by FACS according to ploidy level using a 100uM nozzle directly into individual wells of a 96-well plate.
cDNA synthesis and poly(A) enrichment was performed following the G&T-seq protocol (Macaulay et al. 2015), a variation of the Smart-seq2 protocol1. ERCC spike-in RNA (Ambion) was added to the lysis buffer in a dilution of 1:4,000,000.
||Illumina HiSeq 4000