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Genomic Alterations in Gingivo-buccal Cancer: ICGC-India Project_YR01

As a part of the ICGC, India has undertaken genomic studies on gingivobuccal cancer of the oral cavity, which is the most prevalent form of cancer among men in India. There are various known environmental (life-style) correlates of this cancer, the most important of which are tobacco chewing and HPV infection. Paired DNA samples – isolated from the tumor tissue and from the blood of fifty patients – have been analyzed to catalog germline and somatic mutations. Association between each observed genomic alteration and exposure to environmental risk factors is being explored.Detailed clinical characterization of the patients, collection of data on demographic and environmental exposures, and isolation of DNA samples from blood and tumor tissues collected from each patient are being done at the Advanced Centre for Research, Treatment and Education on Cancer, Mumbai. Exome capture and deep resequencing are being performed at the National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, Kalyani. We have analyzed the exomes of paired blood and tumor DNA samples using two orthogonal platforms – exome capture by Roche-Nimblegen SeqCap Ez kit followed by sequencing on Roche-454 GS FLX, and exome capture by Illumina TrueSeq Exome Enrichment kit followed by sequencing on Illumina HiSeq-2000. Each exome is being sequenced at a mean depth of 30x. In addition, we have used Illumina Omni Quad SNP-chips to generate genotype data at 1.14 million genomic markers. The average concordance between SNP-chip and sequence data is 99.8%.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001000272 454 GS FLX Titanium Illumina HiSeq 2000 200
Publications Citations
Mutational landscape of gingivo-buccal oral squamous cell carcinoma reveals new recurrently-mutated genes and molecular subgroups.
Nat Commun 4: 2013 2873
dbGENVOC: database of GENomic Variants of Oral Cancer, with special reference to India.
Database (Oxford) 2021: 2021 baab034