Study

Resistance to anti-EGFR therapy in colorectal cancer

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001000582 Other

Study Description

Monoclonal antibodies targeting the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), such as cetuximab and panitumumab, have evolved to important therapeutic options in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). However, almost all patients with clinical response to anti-EGFR therapies show disease progression within a few months and little is known about mechanism and timing of resistance evolution. Here we performed whole genome sequencing of plasma DNA (plasma-Seq) from patients treated with anti-EGFR therapy. We demonstrate that development of resistance to anti-EGFR therapies is frequently associated with focal amplifications of KRAS, MET, and ERBB2. However, we also show that focal KRAS amplifications can be acquired in tumor genomes of patients under cytotoxic chemotherapy. Furthermore, we provide evidence that specific chromosomal polysomies, such as overrepresentations of 12p and 7p, harboring KRAS and EGFR, respectively, determine responsiveness to anti-EGFR therapy. In contrast, employing ultra-sensitive deep sequencing of genes associated with anti-EGFR resistance, such as KRAS, BRAF, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001000688
In this study we performed ultra deep sequencing of genes associated with anti-EGFR resistance, such as KRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, and EGFR in 17 plasma-DNA samples from a total of 10 patients treated with anti-EGFR therapy.
Illumina MiSeq 25
EGAD00001000748
In this study we performed whole genome sequencing of plasma DNA (plasma-Seq) of 19 plasma-DNA samples from a total of 10 patients treated with anti-EGFR therapy. We demonstrated that development of resistance to anti-EGFR therapies is frequently associated with focal amplifications of KRAS, MET, and ERBB2. We also showed that focal KRAS amplifications can be acquired in tumor genomes of patients under cytotoxic chemotherapy. Furthermore, we provide evidence that specific chromosomal ... (Show More)
Illumina MiSeq 19

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