Microsatellite data show recent demographic expansions in sedentary but not in nomadic human populations in Africa and Eurasia.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001000652 Other

Study Description

The transition from hunting and gathering to plant and animal domestication was one of the most important cultural and technological revolutions in human history. According to archeologists and paleoanthropologists, this transition triggered major demographic expansions. However, few genetic studies have found traces of Neolithic expansions in the current repartition of genetic polymorphism, pointing rather toward Paleolithic expansions. Here, we used microsatellite autosomal data to investigate the past demographic history of 87 African and Eurasian human populations with contrasted lifestyles (nomadic hunter-gatherers, semi-nomadic herders and sedentary farmers). Likely due to the combination of a higher mutation rate and the possibility to analyze several loci as independent replicates of the coalescent process, the analysis of microsatellite data allowed us to infer more recent expansions than previous genetic studies, potentially resulting from the Neolithic transition. Despite the variability in their location and environment, we found consistent expansions for all sedentary ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
21 unlinked autosomal microsatellite loci for 30 Central Asian populations
Applied Biosystems 3100 automated sequencer-GeneMarker v.1.6 (Softgenetics) 1702
28 unlinked autosomal microsatellite loci for 20 African and 4 philippine populations
Applied Biosystems 3100 automated sequencer-GeneMarker v.1.6 (Softgenetics) 1702

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