Study on the consequences of prenatal famine exposure on DNA methylation.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001000668 Other

Study Description

The potential of the epigenome to undergo environmentally-induced changes during early development is central to its postulated role in human disease. Here, we report a genome-scale view of DNA methylation differences after early gestational malnutrition that was caused by the Dutch Hunger Winter, a severe famine at the end of World War II. We adopted an annotation guided analysis of reduced-representation bisulfite sequencing data generated in 24 middle-aged individuals who had been exposed to famine in utero and 24 unexposed sibling controls. We observed differential DNA methylation primarily at genomic regions with regulatory potential, including enhancers active during early development. In-depth annotation of 181 prenatally-induced differentially methylated regions (P-DMRs) showed that they were predominantly located in gene bodies and co-occurred with histone marks denoting an active state. In line with the early gestational timing of the exposure, the P-DMRs mapped to genes that were enriched for differential expression patterns during blastocyst development and early ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset entails 48 RRBS libraries of 24 siblings. 24 individuals are conceived during the Dutch Famine, a severe 6 month famine at the end of World War 2. A same sex sibling was added as a control, allowing partial matching for (early) familial environment and genetics.
Illumina Genome Analyzer IIx 48

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