Evolutionary origin and methylation status of human intronic CpG islands that are not present in mouse

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001000719 Other

Study Description

Imprinting of the human RB1 gene is due to the presence of a differentially methylated CpG island (CGI) in intron 2, which is part of a retrogene derived from the PPP1R26 gene on chromosome 9. The murine Rb1 gene does not have this retrogene and is not imprinted. We have investigated whether the RB1/Rb1 locus is unique with respect to these differences. For this we have compared the CGIs from human and mouse by in silico analyses and found out that there are at least 2033 human intronic CGIs that are not present in the mouse. Among these CGIs, 104 show sequences similarities elsewhere in the human genome, which suggests that they arose by retrotransposition. We could narrow down the time points when most of these CGIs appeared during evolution. Their methylation status was analysed in two monocyte methylome datasets from whole genome bisulfite sequencing and in 18 published methylomes. Five CGIs appear to be differentially methylated, which suggests that they are subject of genomic imprinting. They are located in introns of the following genes: RB1, ASRGL1, PARP11, PDXDC1 and MYO1D. ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Human monocytes from a healthy male blood donor were obtained after written informed consent and anonymised. Library preparation was performed essentially as described in the “Whole‐genome Bisulfite Sequencing for Methylation Analysis (WGBS)” protocol as released by Illumina. The library was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq2500 using 101 bp paired-end sequencing. Read mapping was done with BWA.

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