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Multi-omics analysis defines core genomic alterations in pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas

Pheochromocytomas (PCC) and paragangliomas (PGL) are neural crest-derived tumors. We performed the integrated genomic analysis of a collection of PCC/PGL from the French COMETE network using SNP arrays, whole-exome sequencing, DNA methylation arrays, mRNA expression arrays and miRNA sequencing. We found that PCC/PGL are characterized by a low mutation rate, with few recurrent somatic mutations and focal copy number alterations (CNAs). In contrast, we detected recurrent broad CNAs strongly associated with known molecular groups, often leading to the biallelic inactivation of the known susceptibility genes of PCC/PGL. We also identified DNA methylation changes and miRNA expression clusters strongly associated with molecular groups. Of note, overexpression of the miRNA cluster 182/96/183 is specific of SDHB-mutated tumors and induces invasive traits, whereas silencing of the imprinted DLK1-MEG3 miRNA cluster due to a loss of heterozygosity of the 14q32.2 locus is a potential driver in a subset of sporadic tumors. This comprehensive analysis illustrates the functional interdependence between genomic and epigenomic dysregulations underlying PCC/PGL.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001000986 Illumina HiSeq 2000 60
Publications Citations
Multi-omics analysis defines core genomic alterations in pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas.
Nat Commun 6: 2015 6044