Primary mucosal melanomas (MMs) arise from melanocytes located in mucosal membranes lining the respiratory, gastrointestinal and urogenital tracts. MMs frequently present late and have a poor prognosis; the 5-year survival rate is only 14%. MM makes up only ~1.4% of all melanomas and it is this rarity that makes knowledge of the genetic changes that contribute to its pathogenesis limited to a small number of exome/genome studies and other targeted studies. Thus to investigate the somatic alterations and mutation spectra in MM genomes, we have extracted genomic DNA from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) human MMs, and subjected them to whole exome sequencing. Given the propensity of MM to metastasize, we will also be sequencing metastatic MM lesions; primary and metastatic lesions from the same individual represent an excellent opportunity to identify potential drivers of metastasis in MM. Finally we will sequence ‘normal’ DNA from the same individual, where possible, to exclude germline variations.
- Type: Other
- Archiver: European Genome-Phenome Archive (EGA)
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|Illumina HiSeq 2000
Cross-species genomic landscape comparison of human mucosal melanoma with canine oral and equine melanoma.
Nat Commun 10: 2019 353
Whole-genome landscape of mucosal melanoma reveals diverse drivers and therapeutic targets.
Nat Commun 10: 2019 3163