Prediction of pigmentation phenotypes by SNP typing in a Northern German population
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Human pigmentation traits are of great interest to many research areas, from ancient DNA analysis to forensic science. We aimed to develop a gene-based predictive model for pigmentation phenotypes in a realistic target population for forensic case work from Northern Germany. Our aim was to determine whether better prediction accuracy can be achieved, or fewer genetic markers may suffice, than in previously studied, genetically more heterogeneous populations. We investigated the association between eye, hair and skin colour, and 12 candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from six genes. Our study comprised two samples of 300 and 100 individuals from Northern Germany who were carefully characterized with regard to pigmentation phenotypes. The first sample was used to select trait-associated SNPs whereas the second sample served to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and to quantify the predictive capability of the respective SNP genotypes. SNP rs12913832 in HERC2 was found to be strongly associated with blue eye colour (OR=15.6, p<1.2•10-4) and to yield reasonable predictive ... (Show More)
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Phenotype determination by SNP-Typing using PCR and snapshotPCR with subsequent fragment analysis. We investigated 400 individuals from Northern Germany and detected up to 12 different SNPs to determine eye, hair and skin colour. More than 1000 different runs on a ABI3130 were performedThis dataset includes:- Phenotype information for 400 samples- Summary and complete genotype calls for 12 SNPs on 400 samples.
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