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Tracking the genomic evolution of esophageal adenocarcinoma through neoadjuvant chemotherapy

Esophageal adenocarcinomas (EACs) are associated with dismal prognosis. Deciphering the evolutionary histories of this disease may shed light on therapeutically tractable targets and reveal changing mutational processes during the disease course and following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). We exome sequenced 40 tumor regions from 8 patients with operable EACs both before and after platinum-containing NAC. This revealed the evolutionary genomic landscape of EACs with the presence of heterogeneous driver mutations, parallel evolution, early genome doubling events and an association between high intratumor heterogeneity and poor response to NAC. Multi-region sequencing demonstrated a significant reduction in T>G mutations within a CTT context when comparing early and late mutational processes and the presence of a platinum signature with enrichment of C>A mutations within a CpC context following NAC. EACs are characterized by the presence of amplifications containing targetable oncogenes present before and after chemotherapy that may provide a rationale for future therapeutic approaches.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001001364 Illumina HiSeq 2500 47
Publications Citations
Tracking the genomic evolution of esophageal adenocarcinoma through neoadjuvant chemotherapy.
Cancer Discov 5: 2015 821-831