Recurrent adeno-associated virus 2-related insertional mutagenesis in human hepatocellular carcinomas

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001284 Other

Study Description

Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) are liver tumors related to various etiologies including alcohol intake, hepatitis B (HBV) or C (HCV) virus infection. Additional risk factors remain to be identified, particularly in patients who develop HCC without cirrhosis. We identified clonal integration of adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) in 11 out of 193 HCC. These AAV2 integrations occurred within known cancer driver genes, namely, CCNA2 (Cyclin A2, 4 cases), TERT (Telomerase Reverse-Transcriptase, 1 case), CCNE1 (Cyclin E1, 3 cases), TNFSF10 (Tumor Necrosis Factor member 10, 2 cases) or KMT2B (Lysine (K)-Specific Methyltransferase 2B, 1 case) leading to over-expression of the target genes. Tumors with viral integration mainly developed in non-cirrhotic liver (9 out of 11 cases) and without known risk factors (6 out of 11) suggesting a pathogenic role of AAV2 in these patients. In conclusion, AAV2 is a DNA virus associated with oncogenic insertional mutagenesis in human HCC.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Illumina HiSeq 2000 7

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