Hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) are liver tumors related to various etiologies including alcohol intake, hepatitis B (HBV) or C (HCV) virus infection. Additional risk factors remain to be identified, particularly in patients who develop HCC without cirrhosis. We identified clonal integration of adeno-associated virus type 2 (AAV2) in 11 out of 193 HCC. These AAV2 integrations occurred within known cancer driver genes, namely, CCNA2 (Cyclin A2, 4 cases), TERT (Telomerase Reverse-Transcriptase, 1 case), CCNE1 (Cyclin E1, 3 cases), TNFSF10 (Tumor Necrosis Factor member 10, 2 cases) or KMT2B (Lysine (K)-Specific Methyltransferase 2B, 1 case) leading to over-expression of the target genes. Tumors with viral integration mainly developed in non-cirrhotic liver (9 out of 11 cases) and without known risk factors (6 out of 11) suggesting a pathogenic role of AAV2 in these patients. In conclusion, AAV2 is a DNA virus associated with oncogenic insertional mutagenesis in human HCC.