Need Help?

Novel genes for Intellectual Disability identified using whole genome sequence and pathway analysis

Intellectual Disability (ID) is one of the most common global disorders. However for ~30% of patients with ID no cause is identified, despite a clinical diagnostic odyssey that includes genome wide clinical microarray (CMA). We carefully selected 8 trios, each composed of a child with ID and brain structural defect, and both normal parents for whole genome sequencing (WGS). We conducted WGS on the trio and filtered out de novo single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and then used a pathway-based refinement to select candidates. We confirmed a de novo pathogenic SNV in ARID1B, and likely pathogenic SNVs in CACNB3, SPRY4, PHF6, SQSTM1 and UPF1 in 5 of the 8 children. All genes except ARID1B and PHF6 are previously unreported for ID. We analysed our WGS data using 4 independent algorthims for copy number and structural variation including using de novo whole genome assembly. We confirmed one likely contributory 165kb de novo CNV (missed by CMA). We conducted a validation study of over 2000 exomes for our novel candidate genes and also present a strategy to analyze the non-coding sequence space. This study provides an extensive analysis of WGS in the context of ID and yielded causative variants in >60% of cases.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001001467 24
Publications Citations
Comprehensive whole genome sequence analyses yields novel genetic and structural insights for Intellectual Disability.
BMC Genomics 18: 2017 403