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Chromatin immunoprecipitation linked to next-generation whole genome sequencing (ChIP-Seq) for H3K36me3 in paediatric high grade glioma cell lines KKNS4 and SF188 with and without a G34V mutation in H3F3A

Glioblastomas of children and young adults have a median survival of only 12-15months and are clinically and biologically distinct from histologically similar cancers in older adults1. They are defined by highly specific mutations in the gene encoding the histone H3.3 variant H3F3A2, occurring either at or close to key residues marked by methylation for regulation of transcription – K27 and G34. We performed chromatin immunoprecipitation linked to next-generation whole genome sequencing (ChIP-Seq) for H3K36me3 in order to test the hypothesis that, rather than total H3K36me3, the G34V mutation may instead result in differential binding of the trimethyl mark throughout the genome. Compared with H3F3A wild-type SF188 paediatric GBM cells, H3K36me3 was found to be significantly differentially bound in KNS42 cells at 5130 distinct regions of the genome corresponding to 156 genes. Concurrent whole genome DNA sequencing demonstrated that this was not confounded by copy number alterations. The cerebral hemispheric-specific G34 mutation drives a distinct expression signature through differential genomic binding of the K36 trimethylation mark (H3K36me3). The transcriptional program induced recapitulates that of the developing forebrain, and involves numerous markers of stem cell maintenance, cell fate decisions and self-renewal. Critically, H3F3A G34 mutations cause profound upregulation of MYCN, a potent oncogene which is causative of glioblastomas when expressed in the correct developmental context. This driving aberration is selectively targetable in this patient population by inhibiting kinases responsible for stabilisation of the protein.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001004119 Illumina HiSeq 2000 6