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Targeting PTPRK-RSPO3 colon tumours promotesdifferentiation and loss of stem-cell function

Colorectal cancer remains a major unmet medical need, promptinglarge-scale genomics efforts in the field to identify moleculardrivers for which targeted therapies might be developed. Wepreviously reported the identification of recurrent translocationsin R-spondin proteins present in a subset of colorectal tumours.Here we show that targeting RSPO3 in PTPRK-RSPO3-fusion positivehuman tumour xenografts inhibits tumour growth andpromotes differentiation. Notably, genes expressed in the stem-cellcompartment of the intestine were among those most sensitive toanti-RSPO3 treatment. This observation, combined with functionalassays, suggests that a stem-cell compartment drives PTPRK-RSPO3colorectal tumour growth and indicates that the therapeutictargeting of stem-cell properties within tumours may be a clinicallyrelevant approach for the treatment of colorectal tumors.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001001862 Illumina HiSeq 2000 12
EGAD00001001863 Illumina HiSeq 2500 4