Study

Homozygous loss-of-function variants in European cosmopolitan and isolate populations

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001606 Other

Study Description

Homozygous loss of function (HLOF) variants provide a valuable window on gene function in humans, as well as an inventory of the human genes that are not essential for survival and reproduction. All humans carry at least a few HLOF variants, but the exact number of inactivated genes that can be tolerated is currently unknown-as are the phenotypic effects of losing function for most human genes. Here, we make use of 1432 whole exome sequences from five European populations to expand the catalogue of known human HLOF mutations; after stringent filtering of variants in our dataset, we identify a total of 173 HLOF mutations, 76 (44%) of which have not been observed previously. We find that population isolates are particularly well suited to surveys of novel HLOF genes because individuals in such populations carry extensive runs of homozygosity, which we show are enriched for novel, rare HLOF variants. Further, we make use of extensive phenotypic data to show that most HLOFs, ascertained in population-based samples, appear to have little detectable effect on the phenotype. On the ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001002715
Exome sequencing of isolate populations and Generation Scotland
Illumina HiSeq 2000 1027

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