Whole exome sequencing on primary retinoblastoma tissues and matching lymphocyte DNA.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001690 Other

Study Description

Retinoblastoma is a rare childhood cancer initiated by RB1 mutation or MYCN amplification, while additional alterations may be required for tumor development. However, the view on single nucleotide variants is very limited. To better understand oncogenesis, we determined the genomic landscape of retinoblastoma. We performed exome sequencing of 71 retinoblastomas and matched blood DNA. Next, we determined the presence of single nucleotide variants, copy number alterations and viruses. Aside from RB1, recurrent gene mutations were very rare. Only a limited fraction of tumors showed BCOR (7/71, 10%) or CREBBP alterations (3/71, 4%). No evidence was found for the presence of viruses. Instead, specific somatic copy number alterations were more common, particularly in patients diagnosed at later age. Recurrent alterations of chromosomal arms often involved less than one copy, also in highly pure tumor samples, suggesting within-tumor heterogeneity. Our results show that retinoblastoma is among the least mutated cancers and signify the extreme sensitivity of the childhood retina for ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Paired-end whole exome sequenncing (Illumina) of primary enucleated retinoblastoma and matching lymphocyte DNA was performed to find somatic alterations that are related to oncogenesis.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 143

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