A Genomic History of Aboriginal Australia

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001766 Other

Study Description

The population history of Aboriginal Australians remains largely uncharacterised. We generated high-coverage genomes for 83 Aboriginal Australians (speakers of Pama-Nyungan languages) and 25 Papuans from the New Guinea Highlands. We find that Papuan and Aboriginal Australian ancestors diversified 25-40 thousand years ago (kya), suggesting early population structure in the ancient continent of Sahul (Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania). However, all studied Aboriginal Australians descend from a single founding population that differentiated ~10-32 kya. We infer a population expansion in northeast Australia during the Holocene (past c.10 kya) associated with limited gene flow from this region to the rest of Australia consistent with the spread of the Pama-Nyungan languages. We estimate that Aboriginal Australians and Papuans diverged from Eurasians 51-72 kya, following a single out of Africa dispersal, and subsequently admixed with different archaic populations. Finally, we report evidence of selection in Aboriginal Australians potentially associated with living in the desert.

Study Datasets 5 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Mapped data (bam files) for high-throughput whole genome sequence data for 83 modern Aboriginal Australians
Genotype calls for 83 Aboriginal Australian genomes split by chromosomes. In short, genotypes were called individually with samtools. They were subsequently filtered with thresholds related to sequencing depth, location of variants, sequencing error, and strand bias. Once combined, the genotypes were filtered when not in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The genomes were phased with IMPUTE using the 1000 Genomes reference panel. NB: for the Y chromosomes​, only the 44 Aboriginal Australian males ... (Show More)
Variations on the Y chromosome from 44 samples
Alignement including 83 MT AA sequences and 2 reference sequences, rCRS and RSRS
This dataset contains the per-chromosome RFMix input and output files for the local ancestry inference of 59 Aboriginal Australian genomes as reported in Malaspinas et al., 2016. Local ancestry was inferred assuming four mixing ancestral populations represented by: Europeans (27 individuals), Asians (29 individuals), Papuans (13 individuals) and Native Australians (7 individuals from the WCD region).

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