Study

Genetic control of the transcriptomic response of monocytes to bacterial and viral stimuli assessed by RNA-seq in Africans and Europeans

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001895 Other

Study Description

Humans differ in the outcome that follows exposure to life-threatening pathogens, yet the extent of population differences in immune responses, and their genetic and evolutionary determinants, remain undefined. Here, we characterized, using RNA-sequencing, the transcriptional response of primary monocytes from Africans and Europeans to bacterial and viral stimuli - ligands activating Toll-like receptors pathways (TLR1/2, TLR4 and TLR7/8) and influenza virus - and mapped expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). We identify multiple cis- and trans-eQTL that contribute to the marked differences in immune responses detected within and between populations, including a TLR1 master regulator that decreases expression of pro-inflammatory genes in Europeans only. We show that regulatory variants have been privileged targets of natural selection, uncovering evolutionarily advantageous mechanisms, such as attenuated inflammation. Finally, we demonstrate that admixture with Neandertals introduced regulatory variants into European genomes, affecting preferentially responses to viral ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001002714
We recruited 100 healthy, male donors of self-reported European descent (EUB) and 100 of self-reported African descent (AFB) (Ghent, Belgium). For each participant, peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from whole blood on Ficoll-Paque density gradients. Monocytes were then positively selected with magnetic CD14 microbeads and exposed for 6 hours to different ligands activating TLR4 (LPS), TLR1/2 (Pam3CSK4), TLR7/8 (R848) and to a human seasonal influenza A virus (IAV). ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2000 970
EGAD00010001131
The 100 European-descent (EUB) and 100 African-descent (AFB) Belgians studied were genotyped for a total of 4,301,332 SNPs on the Illumina HumanOmni5-Quad BeadChips. Whole-exome sequencing was carried out for the same 200 individuals with the Nextera Rapid Capture Expanded Exome kit, on the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform, with 100-bp paired-end reads. This kit delivers 62 Mb of genomic content per individual, including exons, untranslated regions (UTR), and microRNAs. Omni5 and exome datasets ... (Show More)
Illumina HumanOmni5-Quad and exome sequencing 200

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