Study

Mesenchymal inflammation drives genotoxic stress in hematopoietic stem cells and predicts disease evolution in human pre-leukemia

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001001926 Other

Study Description

Mesenchymal niche cells may drive tissue failure and malignant transformation in the hematopoietic system but the molecular mechanisms and their relevance to human disease remain poorly defined. We demonstrated that perturbation of mesenchymal cells in a mouse model of the preleukemic disorder Shwachman-Diamond syndrome induces mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and activation of DNA damage responses in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. In this study we demonstrate, through massive parallel RNA sequencing of highly purified mesenchymal cells in a range of human preleukemic syndromes, TP53-S100A8/9-TLR4 inflammatory signaling as a common driving mechanism of genotoxic stress, which could be attenuated by TLR4 blockade. S100A8/9 expression in mesenchymal cells predicted outcome in myelodysplastic syndromes, the principal human preleukemic condition, independent of known prognostic variables. Collectively, findings reveal a concept of mesenchymal niche-induced genotoxic stress in heterotypic stem and progenitor cells through inflammatory signaling as an actionable ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 4 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001002658
Highly purified mesenchymal cells (CD45-/7AAD-/CD235a-/CD31-/CD271+/CD105+) were prospectively FACS-isolated from bone marrow specimens of 45 low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (LRMDS) cases. Gene expression profiles (GEPs) of the 45 LRMDS have been compared to GEPs derived from likewise highly purified mesenchymal cells obtained from bone marrow specimens of healthy donors for the identification of inflammatory signatures. Additionally, an overlap in inflammatory signatures has been determined ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 45
EGAD00001002659
Highly purified mesenchymal cells (CD45-/7AAD-/CD235a-/CD31-/CD271+/CD105+) were prospectively FACS-isolated from bone marrow specimens of 10 healthy donors (HDs). This data set is used as a baseline control to observe the differences between gene expression profiles (GEPs) of pre-leukemia cases (45 low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome, 4 Shwachman-Diamond and 3 Diamond-Blackfan anemia patients) and gene expression patterns observed in a normal, healthy context. Through differential expression and ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 10
EGAD00001002660
Highly purified mesenchymal cells (CD45-/7AAD-/CD235a-/CD31-/CD271+/CD105+) were prospectively FACS-isolated from bone marrow specimens of 4 Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) cases. This data set, comprising 4 SDS cases, is used as complement to 45 low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (LRMDS) and 3 Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) cases to demonstrate aberrant inflammatory signaling as a common mechanism in pre-leukemia syndromes to induce genotoxic stress in hematopoietic stem cells. In addition this ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 4
EGAD00001002661
Highly purified mesenchymal cells (CD45-/7AAD-/CD235a-/CD31-/CD271+/CD105+) were prospectively FACS-isolated from bone marrow specimens of 3 Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) cases. This data set, comprising 3 DBA cases, is used as complement to 45 low-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (LRMDS) and 4 Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) cases to demonstrate aberrant inflammatory signaling as a common mechanism in pre-leukemia syndromes to induce genotoxic stress in hematopoietic stem cells. In addition, ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 3

Who archives the data?

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