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Mesenchymal inflammation drives genotoxic stress in hematopoietic stem cells and predicts disease evolution in human pre-leukemia

Mesenchymal niche cells may drive tissue failure and malignant transformation in the hematopoietic system but the molecular mechanisms and their relevance to human disease remain poorly defined. We demonstrated that perturbation of mesenchymal cells in a mouse model of the preleukemic disorder Shwachman-Diamond syndrome induces mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and activation of DNA damage responses in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. In this study we demonstrate, through massive parallel RNA sequencing of highly purified mesenchymal cells in a range of human preleukemic syndromes, TP53-S100A8/9-TLR4 inflammatory signaling as a common driving mechanism of genotoxic stress, which could be attenuated by TLR4 blockade. S100A8/9 expression in mesenchymal cells predicted outcome in myelodysplastic syndromes, the principal human preleukemic condition, independent of known prognostic variables. Collectively, findings reveal a concept of mesenchymal niche-induced genotoxic stress in heterotypic stem and progenitor cells through inflammatory signaling as an actionable determinant of disease outcome in human preleukemia. The data further provide novel conceptual and mechanistic insights into the intimate link between inflammation and cancer.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001002658 Illumina HiSeq 2500 45
EGAD00001002659 Illumina HiSeq 2500 10
EGAD00001002660 Illumina HiSeq 2500 4
EGAD00001002661 Illumina HiSeq 2500 3