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Genome-Wide Association Study of aspirin-induced PUD in a UK cohort

Aspirin is a widely prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug used as an effective analgesic and at low doses as anti-platelet drug for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, aspirin is associated with a significant incidence of upper gastrointestinal (GI) complications, notably peptic ulceration. This study aims to identify genetic risk factors associated with the pathogenesis of aspirin-induced upper GI ulceration.A cohort of 248 patients with aspirin-induced, endoscopiclly confirmed GI ulceration and 491 controls (ulcer, without aspirin or aspirin without ulcer) were genotyped for 1.524,956 SNPs using the Illumina Omni 2.5 SNP array. A replication cohort (206 NSAID-induced ulcer cases [of which 87 were aspirin] and 309 controls) was subsequently genotyped for identified SNP association signals using Sequenom iPLEX Massarry. Logistic regression analysis of identified two SNP signal with suggestive association with aspirin-induced GI ulceration. A SNP within the EYA1 locus (rs12678747) was found to be associated with aspirin GI ulceration in both the discovery cohort (p=3.79x10-7, OR=2.06 ([1.55-2.73]) and, to a lesser extent, in the replication cohort (p=.0005, OR=1.71[1.17-2.50]. Combined analysis of both cohorts yielded a genome wide significant association (p=1.46x10-8). The rs12678747 genotype was found to be associated with significantly higher EYA1 transcript in ulcer biopsy tissue (p<0.05).Data suggest that EYA1 may represent a risk locus for aspirin-induced GI ulceration. Though it is thought that EYA1 may play a key role in mediating cell death/ survival

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00010001422 Illumina Omni 2.5 676
Publications Citations
Genome-Wide association between EYA1 and Aspirin-induced peptic ulceration.
EBioMedicine 74: 2021 103728