Transcriptional and functional profiling defines human small intestinal macrophage subsets
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Macrophages (Mf) are instrumental in maintaining immune homeostasis in the intestine, yet studies on origin and heterogeneity of human intestinal Mf are scarce. Here, we identified four distinct Mf subpopulations in human small intestine (SI). Assessment of their turnover in duodenal transplants revealed that all Mf subsets were completely replaced over time; Mf1 and Mf2, phenotypically similar to peripheral blood monocytes (PBMo), were largely replaced within 3 weeks, whereas two subsets with features of mature Mf, Mf3 and Mf4, exhibited significantly slower replacement. Mf3 and Mf4 localized differently in SI; Mf3 formed a dense network in mucosal lamina propria, whereas Mf4 was enriched in submucosa. Transcriptomic analysis showed that all Mf subpopulations subsets were markedly distinct from PBMo and dendritic cells (DC). Compared to PBMo, Mf subpopulations showed reduced responsiveness to proinflammatory stimuli, but were proficient at endocytosis of particulate and soluble material. These data provide a comprehensive analysis of human SI Mf population and suggest a ... (Show More)
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RNA sequencing data of human small intestinal macrophage subtypes
Using low input SMART-seq protocol, the whole transcriptome of human small intestine macrophage subtypes is characterized.
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