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A living biobank of breast cancer organoids captures disease heterogeneity

Breast Cancer (BC) comprises multiple distinct subtypes that differ genetically, pathologically, and clinically. Xeno-transplantation and direct culturing of tumor tissue are increasingly used in drug development and personalized medicine strategies. Here, we describe a robust protocol for long-term culturing of human mammary epithelial organoids. Using this protocol, 101 BC organoid lines were generated, broadly recapitulating the diversity of the disease. BC organoid morphologies typically matched the histopathology, hormone receptor-, and HER2 status of the original tumor. DNA copy number variations as well as sequence changes were consistent within tumor-organoid pairs and largely retained even after extended passaging. BC organoids furthermore populated all major gene expression-based classification groups and allowed drug screens in vitro and upon xenotransplantation. This study describes a representative collection of well-characterized BC organoids available for cancer research and drug development, as well as a strategy to assess in vitro drug response in a personalized fashion.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003751 HiSeq X Ten NextSeq 500 102
Publications Citations
Analysis of Immune Cells from Human Mammary Ductal Epithelial Organoids Reveals Vδ2+ T Cells That Efficiently Target Breast Carcinoma Cells in the Presence of Bisphosphonate.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 9: 2016 305-316
31
A Living Biobank of Breast Cancer Organoids Captures Disease Heterogeneity.
Cell 172: 2018 373-386.e10
625