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Pediatric Non-Down Syndrome Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia is Characterized by Distinct Genomic Subsets with Varying Outcomes

Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia (AMKL) is a subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in which cells morphologically resemble abnormal megakaryoblasts.  While extremely rare in adults, AMKL accounts for 4-15% of newly diagnosed childhood AML1-3.  A significant proportion of pediatric AMKL cases occur in children with Down syndrome (DS).  These patients have excellent outcomes and are characterized at the genomic level by a founding GATA1 mutation4-6.  In contrast, AMKL in patients without DS (non-DS-AMKL) is frequently associated with poor outcomes.  Previous efforts have identified chimeric oncogenes in a significant number of cases, including RBM15-MKL1, CBFA2T3-GLIS2, KMT2A gene rearrangements and NUP98-KDM5A7-9.  The etiology of 30-40% of cases, however, remains unknown.  To better understand the genomic landscape of non-DS-AMKL, we performed RNA and exome sequencing on specimens from 99 patients (75 pediatric and 24 adult).  We demonstrate that pediatric non-DS-AMKL is a heterogeneous malignancy that can be divided into seven subgroups with varying outcomes.  These subgroups are characterized by chimeric oncogenes with cooperating mutations in epigenetic and kinase signaling genes.  Overall, these data shed light on the etiology of AMKL and provide useful information for treatment tailoring. 

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003134 Illumina HiSeq 2000 114
EGAD00001003135 Illumina HiSeq 2000 86
Publications Citations
Pediatric non-Down syndrome acute megakaryoblastic leukemia is characterized by distinct genomic subsets with varying outcomes.
Nat Genet 49: 2017 451-456