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miR-200-regulated CXCL12β promotes fibroblast heterogeneity and immunosuppression in ovarian cancers

High-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer (HGSOC) has been recently subdivided into molecular subgroups, including the mesenchymal HGSOC associated with partial tumor-debulking surgery and poor patient survival. Consistent with stromal-related genes signatures defining mesenchymal HGSOC, we show here that stroma plays a key function in this HGSOC molecular subtype. We first highlight stromal heterogeneity in HGSOC by identifying 4 subsets of Carcinoma-Associated Fibroblast (CAF-S1-4). Mesenchymal HGSOC significantly accumulate the activated CAF-S1 subset, which exhibits immunosuppressive functions by promoting attraction, survival and activation of regulatory T-lymphocytes. The CXCL12β chemokine reliably characterizes mesenchymal HGSOC and specifically accumulates in the CAF-S1 subset through a regulation mediated by the miR-141/200a. CXCL12β promotes attraction of T-lymphocytes and is thus a key actor in CAF-S1-mediated immunosuppressive functions. In conclusion, we highlight here for the first time stromal heterogeneity and immunosuppression in mesenchymal HGSOC that could participate in the poor patient prognosis.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003460 Illumina HiSeq 2000 Illumina HiSeq 2500 13
Publications Citations
miR200-regulated CXCL12β promotes fibroblast heterogeneity and immunosuppression in ovarian cancers.
Nat Commun 9: 2018 1056