Transcriptional mechanisms of resistance to anti-PD-1 therapy

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002195 Other

Study Description

Purpose: To explore factors associated with response and resistance to anti-PD-1 therapy, we analyzed multiple disease sites at autopsy in a patient with widely metastatic melanoma who had a heterogeneous response.Materials and Methods: Twenty-six melanoma specimens (four pre-mortem, 22 post-mortem) were subjected to whole-exome sequencing. Candidate immunologic markers and gene expression were assessed in ten cutaneous metastases showing response or progression during therapy.Results: The melanoma was driven by biallelic inactivation of NF1. All lesions had highly concordant mutational profiles and copy number alterations, indicating linear clonal evolution. Expression of candidate immunologic markers was similar in responding and progressing lesions. However, progressing cutaneous metastases were associated with over-expression of genes associated with extracellular matrix and neutrophil function.Conclusions: Although mutational and immunologic differences have been proposed as the primary determinants of heterogeneous response/resistance to targeted therapies and ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Files from whole exome sequencing of 26 tumors and two matched normals from one melanoma patient. The 26 tumors include the untreated primary, cutaneous metastases and distant metastases to internal organs.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 28

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