Whole exome sequencing of an invasive diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma sampled from different sites

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002326 Other

Study Description

The lateral ventricle subventricular zone (SVZ) is a frequent site of high-grade glioma (HGG) spread and tumor invasion of the SVZ is a predictor of a worse clinical prognosis. A range of HGG types invade the stem cell niche of the SVZ, including both adult glioblastoma and pediatric high-grade gliomas such as diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG). The cellular and molecular mechanisms mediating this frequent invasion of the SVZ are poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that neural precursor cell (NPC):glioma cell communication underpins the propensity of glioma to colonize the SVZ. SVZ NPCs secrete chemoattractant signals toward which glioma cells home. Biochemical and proteomic analyses of factors secreted by SVZ NPCs revealed a discrete list of candidate proteins. Necessity and sufficiency testing implicated the neurite outgrowth-promoting factor pleiotrophin, along with three required binding partners (secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC), SPARC-like protein 1, and heat shock protein 90B), as key mediators of this chemoattractant effect. Pleiotrophin protein ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole exome sequencing of diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) cells isolated from the pons and from a sub-ventricular zone site of spread within the frontal lobe from the same individual (SU- DIPG-XIII)
Illumina HiSeq 2000 3

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