Study

Tumor-derived exosomes modulate PD-L1 expression in monocytes

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002377 Other

Study Description

In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), monocytes and macrophages are skewed toward protumorigenic phenotypes, including the release of tumor-supportive cytokines and the expression of immunosuppressive molecules such as programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PD-L1). To understand the mechanism driving protumorigenic skewing in CLL, we evaluated the role of tumor cell–derived exosomes in the cross-talk with monocytes. We carried out RNA sequencing and proteome analyses of CLL-derived exosomes and identified noncoding Y RNA hY4 as a highly abundant RNA species that is enriched in exosomes from plasma of CLL patients compared with healthy donor samples. Transfer of CLL-derived exosomes or hY4 alone to monocytes resulted in key CLL-associated phenotypes, including the release of cytokines, such as C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), CCL4, and interleukin-6, and the expression of PD-L1. These responses were abolished in Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)–deficient monocytes, suggesting exosomal hY4 as a driver of TLR7 signaling. Pharmacologic inhibition of endosomal TLR signaling resulted in a ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003230
Small RNA expression profiles of the blood plasma-derived exosomes from B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia patients
Illumina HiSeq 2000 3

Who archives the data?

There are no publications available