Suppressors and activators of JAK-STAT signaling at diagnosis and relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Down Syndrome

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002410 Other

Study Description

Children with Down Syndrome (DS) are prone to development of high risk B-cell precursor ALL (DS-ALL) that differs genetically from most sporadic pediatric ALLs. Increased expression of CRLF2, the receptor to thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) characterizes about half of DS-ALLs and also a subgroup of sporadic “Philadelphia-like ALLs”. To understand the pathogenesis of relapsed DS-ALL we performed integrative genomic analysis of 25 matched diagnosis remission and relapse DS-ALLs. We found that the CRLF2 rearrangements are early events during DS-ALL evolution and generally stable between diagnoses and relapse. Secondary activating signaling events in JAK-STAT/RAS pathway were ubiquitous but highly redundant between diagnosis and relapse, suggesting that signaling is essential but that no specific mutations are “relapse driving”. We further found that activated JAK2 may be naturally suppressed in 25% of CRLF2 positive DS-ALL by loss-of-function aberrations in USP9X, a deubuitinase previously shown to stabilize the activated phosphorylated JAK2. Interrogation of large ALL ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Targeted resequencing of samples was done with TruSeq custom amplicon low input kit (TSCA-LI, Illumina). The oligo capture probes were designed to include a prefix of 8 random nucleotides at the 5 end of each probe. The assay is designed such that each targeted locus is annealed with two probes, resulting in amplicons tagged with unique molecular identifiers (UMI) (22) of 16 bases. Raw FASTQ sequencing files were processed as following: (a) The first 8 bases were trimmed from each read and ... (Show More)
NextSeq 550 74
NextSeq 550 16

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