Field effect of healthy and diseased livers WGS

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002413 Other

Study Description

Recent work in the Campbell group has revealed somatic mutations present in normal, non-cancerous human skin. A subset of the mutations conferred selective advantages to the host cells, leading to clonal expansions and raising the risk for future cancer development. Capturing such somatic mutations in normal tissue is important to advance our understanding about carcinogenesis and could provide prospective medical insights. In this project, our goal is to detect somatic mutations in normal (pre-cancerous) liver tissue. Using Laser Microdissection technology, we will dissect individual liver lobules from patient samples and submit these to sequencing. For each patient sample, we aim to sequence multiple lobules to characterise the mutagenic burden. Samples will be taken from patients with different liver disease aetiologies, including alcoholism and obesity, with a view on distinguishing the prevalent mutation types occurring in each disease context. We will perform both whole genome and targeted sequencing, initially using the WTSI cancer panel. Later we aim to use a novel bait ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 2 datasets.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Chronic liver injury predisposes to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, but how somatic mutations accumulate in liver disease is unexplored. We sequenced whole genomes of 400 microdissections of 100-500 hepatocytes from 5 normal and 6 cirrhotic livers. Compared to normal liver, cirrhotic liver had higher mutation burden, especially structural variants, including chromothripsis. Cirrhotic nodules were oligoclonal; sometimes entirely derived from a single, recent common ancestor. Clonal ... (Show More)
HiSeq X Ten 577
Chronic liver disease is associated with metabolic dysregulation, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma. We analysed somatic mutations from 1202 genomes across 32 liver samples, including normal controls, alcohol-related and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Five of 27 patients with liver disease carried hotspot driver mutations in FOXO1, the major transcription factor downstream of insulin signalling. FOXO1 mutations were independently acquired by up to 5 distinct clones within the same ... (Show More)
HiSeq X Ten,Illumina NovaSeq 6000 1111

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