Biallelic mutations in the ubiquitin ligase RFWD3 cause Fanconi anemia
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The WD40-containing E3 ubiquitin ligase RFWD3 has been recently linked to the repair of DNA damage by Homologous Recombination (HR). Here we show that an RFWD3 mutation within the WD40 domain is connected to the genetic disease Fanconi anemia (FA). An individual revealed congenital abnormalities characteristic for FA. Cells from the patient, carrying the compound heterozygous mutations c.205_206dupCC and c.1916T>A in RFWD3, show increased sensitivity to DNA interstrand cross-linking agents in terms of increased chromosomal breakage, reduced survival and cell cycle arrest in G2 phase. The cellular phenotype is mirrored in genetically engineered human and avian cells by inactivation of RFWD3 or by introduction of the patient-derived missense mutation, and is rescued by expression of wildtype RFWD3 protein. HR is disrupted in RFWD3 mutant cells, caused by impaired relocation of mutant RFWD3 to chromatin and defective physical interaction with RPA. Rfwd3 knockout mice exhibit increased embryonic lethality, are sub-fertile, show ovarian and testicular atrophy and have a reduced life ... (Show More)
Study Datasets 1 dataset.
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Dataset contains one sample derived from gDNA of human fibroblasts. Files are in FASTQ format and were generated using the Agilent SureSelect Human All Exon 50Mb Kit and followed by Next Generation Sequencing on a HighSeq2000 instrument (Illumina).
|Illumina HiSeq 2000||1|
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