Direct Detection of Early-stage Cancers Using Circulating Tumor DNA

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002577 Other

Study Description

Early detection and intervention are likely to be the most effective means for reducing morbidity and mortality of human cancer. However, development of methods for noninvasive detection of early-stage tumors has remained a challenge. We have developed an approach called targeted error correction sequencing (TEC-Seq) that allows ultrasensitive direct evaluation of sequence changes in circulating cell-free DNA using massively parallel sequencing. We have used this approach to examine 58 cancer-related genes encompassing 81 kb. Analysis of plasma from 44 healthy individuals identified genomic changes related to clonal hematopoiesis in 16% of asymptomatic individuals but no alterations in driver genes related to solid cancers. Evaluation of 200 patients with colorectal, breast, lung, or ovarian cancer detected somatic mutations in the plasma of 71, 59, 59, and 68%, respectively, of patients with stage I or II disease. Analyses of mutations in the circulation revealed high concordance with alterations in the tumors of these patients. In patients with resectable colorectal cancers, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset for Direct Detection of Early-Stage Cancers using Circulating Tumor DNA includes 602 bam files from next-generation sequencing on the Illumina HiSeq2500 or MiSeq. The samples analyzed include cancer cell lines as well as plasma and tissue specimens from healthy individuals and patients with cancer.
Illumina HiSeq 2500,Illumina MiSeq 550

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