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Genes associated with pancreas development and function maintain open chromatin in iPSCs generated from human pancreatic beta cells

Current in-vitro islet differentiation protocols suffer from heterogeneity and low efficiency. Induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from pancreatic beta-cells (BiPSCs) preferentially differentiate towards endocrine pancreas-like cells versus those from fibroblasts (FiPSCs). We interrogated genome-wide open chromatin in BiPSCs and FiPSCs via ATAC-seq, and identified ~8.3k significant, differential open chromatin sites (DOCS) between the two iPSC subtypes (FDR<0.05). DOCS where chromatin was more accessible in BiPSCs (Bi-DOCS) were significantly enriched for known regulators of endodermal development, including bivalent and weak enhancers, and FOXA2 binding sites (FDR<0.05). Bi-DOCS were associated with genes related to pancreas development and beta-cell function, including transcription factors mutated in monogenic diabetes (PDX1, NKX2-2, HNF1A; FDR<0.05). Moreover, Bi-DOCS correlated with enhanced gene expression in BiPSC-derived definitive endoderm and pancreatic progenitor cells. Bi-DOCS therefore highlight genes and pathways governing islet-lineage commitment, which can be exploited for differentiation protocol optimisation, diabetes disease modelling, and therapeutic purposes.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003759 Illumina HiSeq 2500 5
EGAD00001003780 Illumina HiSeq 2500 16
Publications Citations
Genes Associated with Pancreas Development and Function Maintain Open Chromatin in iPSCs Generated from Human Pancreatic Beta Cells.
Stem Cell Reports 9: 2017 1395-1405