Evolution and clinical impact of genetic epistasis within EGFR-mutant lung cancers

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002604 Other

Study Description

The current understanding of tumorigenesis is largely centered on a monogenic driver oncogene model. This paradigm is incompatible with the prevailing clinical experience in most solid malignancies: monotherapy with a drug directed against an individual oncogenic driver typically results in incomplete clinical responses and eventual tumor progression1-7. By profiling the somatic genetic alterations present in over 2,000 cases of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide, we show that combinations of functional genetic alterations, i.e. genetic collectives dominate the landscape of advanced-stage disease. We highlight this polygenic landscape and evolution of advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) through the spatial-temporal genomic profiling of 7 distinct tumor biopsy specimens and 6 plasma specimens obtained from an EGFR-mutant NSCLC patient at (1) initial diagnosis of early-stage disease, (2) metastatic progression, (3) sequential treatment and resistance to 2 EGFR inhibitors, (4) death. The comprehensive genomic analysis of this case, coupled with ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset is a time-series of EGFR-mutant NSCLC clinical specimens from an individual patient profiled using tumor-based whole exome sequencing and the data is in BAM format. DNA was extracted from FFPE for primary tumor and frozen tumor tissue samples and matched non-tumor tissue using the Qiagen Allprep DNA/RNA Mini Kit.  The library preparation protocol was based on the Agilent SureSelect Library Prep and Capture System. DNA was resuspended in a low TE buffer and sheared (Duty Cycle 5%; ... (Show More)
Illumina HiSeq 2500 8

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