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Genome-wide DNA Methylation is Predictive of Outcome in Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a myeloproliferative disorder of childhood caused by mutations in the Ras pathway. Outcomes in this disease vary dramatically from spontaneous resolution with little or no treatment to rapid relapse after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Given the high morbidity and late effects of transplant, it is critical to identify patients at diagnosis who can be observed rather than transplanted. We hypothesized that assessing DNA methylation status would help predict disease outcome. Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling using the Illumina 450k platform in a discovery cohort of 39 patients was performed. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering based on the most highly variable CpG sites identified three clusters of patients. Importantly, these clusters differed significantly in terms of 4-year event-free survival, with the lowest methylation cluster having the highest rates of survival. These findings were validated in an independent cohort of 40 patients. Of particular interest is that all but one of fourteen patients experiencing spontaneous resolution of their disease clustered together and closer to 22 healthy controls than the other JMML cases. This study demonstrates that DNA methylation patterns in JMML are predictive of outcome in this heterogeneously behaving disease and can identify patients who are most likely to experience spontaneous resolution.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003794 8
EGAD00010001449 Illumina_450K 22
EGAD00010001450 Illumina_450K 92
Publications Citations
Genome-wide DNA methylation is predictive of outcome in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.
Nat Commun 8: 2017 2127