Dynamics of neoantigen landscape during immunotherapy

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002704 Other

Study Description

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have shown significant therapeutic responses against tumors containing increased mutation-associated neoantigen load. We have examined the evolving landscape of tumor neoantigens during the emergence of acquired resistance in non-small cell lung cancer patients after initial response to immune checkpoint blockade with anti-PD1 or anti-PD-1/anti-CTLA4 antibodies. Analyses of matched pretreatment and resistant tumors identified genomic changes resulting in loss of 7 to 18 putative mutation-associated neoantigens in resistant clones. Peptides generated from the eliminated neoantigens elicited clonal T cell expansion in autologous T cell cultures, suggesting that they generated functional immune responses. Neoantigen loss occurred through elimination of tumor subclones or through deletion of chromosomal regions containing truncal alterations and were associated with changes in T cell receptor clonality. These analyses provide insights into the dynamics of mutational landscapes during immune checkpoint blockade and have implications for development of immune ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The dataset for Evolution of neoantigen landscape during immune checkpoint blockade in non-small cell lung cancer includes 17 bam files from next-generation sequencing on the Illumina HiSeq2500. The biospecimens analyzed include matched tumor pre-treatment, post-progression and normal samples.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 17

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