Whole exome sequencing of cell-free DNA reveals temporo-spatial heterogeneity and identifies treatment-resistant clones in neuroblastoma

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002705 Other

Study Description

Background: Neuroblastoma (NB) displays important clinical and genetic heterogeneity, with emergence of new mutations at tumor progression. Patients and Methods: To study clonal evolution during treatment and follow-up, an innovative method based on circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) analysis by whole exome sequencing (WES) paired with target sequencing was realized in sequential liquid biopsy samples of 19 NB patients. Results: WES of the primary tumor and cfDNA at diagnosis showed overlap of Single Nucleotide Variants (SNVs) and Copy Number Alterations (CNAs), with 41% and 93% of all detected alterations common to the primary NB and cfDNA. CfDNA WES at a second time point indicated a mean of 22 new SNVs for patients with progressive disease. Relapse-specific alterations included genes of the MAPK pathway and targeted the protein kinase A signaling pathway. Deep coverage target sequencing of intermediate timepoints during treatment and follow-up identified distinct subclones. For 17 seemingly relapse-specific SNVs detected by sequencing detected these alterations in minor subclones, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset contains VCF files from a variant calling analysis of 19 neuroblastoma patients. WES or WGS data of the primary tumor were compared to WES cfDNA analysis at the time of diagnosis and at a 2nd timepoint (complete remission, partial remission, disease progression or relapse). For 4 patients, WGS of germline, tumor at diagnosis and tumor at relapse DNA was performed on Illumina HiSeq2500, with 100-bp paired-end reads. For the other patients, WES was performed using either an ... (Show More)

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