Characterization of a human iPSC-derived islet differentiation model

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002721 Other

Study Description

To explore the contribution of islet development to T2D pathogenesis, we characterised the transcriptomes of 3 human iPSC lines (from independent donors) differentiated along the islet development lineage. Whole transcriptome RNA-seq was performed at 7 developmental stages: definitive endoderm, primitive gut tube, posterior foregut (PF), pancreatic endoderm, endocrine progenitors, endocrine-like cells, and beta-like cells (BLC). Differentially-expressed (ΔExp) genes were assigned to the stage in which they were most upregulated (versus baseline iPSC profile), and used to assess the enrichment of T2D GWAS genes, as well as to predict the upstream transcription factors at each developmental stage.We found 9409 ΔExp genes across all stages, including known markers of islet development (NEUROG3, INS). Genes ΔExp in the most-differentiated (BLC) stage were significantly enriched for genes within the 99% credible sets of T2D GWAS loci. Despite this enrichment in BLC only, over 70% of genes mapping within the credible sets were ΔExp before this stage, highlighting the relevance of key ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Whole transcriptome RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) of human induced pluripotent stem cell lines from three independent donors at seven islet developmental stages: definitive endoderm (DE), primitive gut tube (GT), posterior foregut (PF), pancreatic endoderm (PE), endocrine progenitors (EP), endocrine-like cells (EN), and beta-like cells (BLC).
Illumina HiSeq 2000 24

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