We describe a method to culture organoids from adult human kidney tissue and describe applications for the culture system.
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Adult Stem Cell (ASC)-derived organoids are 3D epithelial structures that recapitulate essential aspects of their organ of origin. We have developed conditions for the long-term growth of primary kidney epithelial organoids. Cultures can be established from mouse and human kidney tissue, as well as from urine and can be expanded for at least 20 passages (> 6 months). Chromosome numbers remain normal. Human organoids represent proximal as well as distal nephron segments, as evidenced by gene expression, immunofluorescence and tubular functional analyses. BK virus infection of organoids recapitulates in vivo phenomena. Organoids can be established from Wilms nephroblastoma. Kidney organoids from Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patient’s urine allowed ex vivo assessment of treatment efficacy. Finally, organoids cultured on microfluidic organ-on-a-chip plates adopt a tubular conformation and display active transport function. Adult kidney-derived organoids allow studies of hereditary, infectious and malignant kidney disease in a personalized fashion.
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A whole genome mutation analysis of cortical kidney tissue, an early passage kidney organoid culture derived from the kidney tissue sample, and a late passage of the same organoid culture.
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