Evolutionary analysis of primary tumors and metastatic lesions from 20 breast cancer patients (99 samples in total) using exome sequencing data.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002737 Other

Study Description

Metastatic breast cancers are still incurable. Characterizing their evolutionary landscape including the role of metastatic axillary lymph nodes to seed distant organ metastasis can provide rational basis for effective treatments. Here, we describe the genomic analyses of the primary tumors and metastatic lesions from 20 breast cancer patients (99 samples). Our evolutionary analyses revealed diverse spreading and seeding patterns governing tumor progression. Although linear evolution to successive metastatic sites was common, parallel evolution from the primary tumor to multiple distant sites was also evident. Metastatic spreading was frequently coupled with polyclonal seeding, where multiple metastatic subclones originated from primary tumor and/or other distant metastases. Synchronous axillary lymph node metastasis, a well-established prognosticator of breast cancer, was not involved in seeding distant metastasis, suggesting haematogenous route for cancer dissemination. Clonal evolution coincided frequently with emerging driver alterations and evolving mutational processes, ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
This dataset, named Stockholm tumor progression cohort, contains exome-sequencing samples of matched primary and metastasis samples from 20 metastatic breast cancer patients. All patients have one or more sequenced normal samples as well. The total number of samples is 125. The dataset has been used, apart from other studies, to explore tumor evolution patterns in metastatic breast cancer at Karolinska Institute Stockholm.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 125

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