The four main medulloblastoma subgroups are characterized by distinct biology, clinicopathological features and clinical outcomes. While the WNT and SHH subgroups are characterized by clearly defined aberrant signaling of developmental pathways, the underlying biology of Group 3 and 4 remains poorly understood. Here, we delineate distinct post-translational regulation orchestrating active oncogenic signaling networks in Groups 3 and 4. Specifically, aberrant ERBB4-SRC signaling constitutes a novel hallmark feature of Group 4, with great promise as a novel oncogenic mechanism and potential vulnerability for therapeutic intervention in the most common subgroup. Altogether, this novel integrative proteogenomic landscape demonstrates the added value of proteomics and phosphoproteomics analysis to discover and exploit unexpected oncogenic mechanisms in medulloblastoma and beyond.