Breast cancer DNA repair

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002792 Other

Study Description

Tumors of germline BRCA1/2 mutated carriers show homologous recombination (HR) deficiency (HRD), resulting in impaired DNA double strand break (DSB) repair and high sensitivity to Poly-(ADP-Ribose)-Polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. Although this therapy is expected to be effective beyond germline BRCA1/2 mutated carriers, a robust validated test to detect HRD tumors is lacking. In the present study we therefore evaluated a functional HR assay exploiting the formation of RAD51 foci in proliferating cells after ex vivo irradiation of fresh breast cancers (BrC) tissue: the RECAP test.Methods Fresh samples of 170 primary BrC were analyzed using the RECAP test. The molecular explanation for the HRD phenotype was investigated by exploring BRCA deficiencies, mutational signatures, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and microsatellite instability (MSI).Results RECAP was completed successfully in 148 out of 170 samples (87%). 24 tumors showed HRD (16%), while 6 tumors were HR intermediate (HRi) (4%). HRD was explained by BRCA deficiencies (mutations, promoter hypermethylation, deletions) in ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
Exome sequencing data from homologous recombination deficient primary breast cancers as assessed by the functional RAD51 based HR test. There are 12 tumour samples, of which 10 also have matching normal.
Illumina HiSeq 2500 22

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