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Human Pancreatic Beta Cell lncRNAs Control Cell-Specific Regulatory Networks

Recent studies have uncovered thousands of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in human pancreatic β cells. β cell lncRNAs are often cell type specific and exhibit dynamic regulation during differentiation or upon changing glucose concentrations. Although these features hint at a role of lncRNAs in β cell gene regulation and diabetes, the function of β cell lncRNAs remains largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the function of β cell-specific lncRNAs and transcription factors using transcript knockdowns and co-expression network analysis. This revealed lncRNAs that function in concert with transcription factors to regulate β cell-specific transcriptional networks. We further demonstrate that the lncRNA PLUTO affects local 3D chromatin structure and transcription of PDX1, encoding a key β cell transcription factor, and that both PLUTO and PDX1 are downregulated in islets from donors with type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. These results implicate lncRNAs in the regulation of β cell-specific transcription factor networks.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
EGAD00001003992 Illumina Genome Analyzer IIx Illumina HiSeq 2500 64
Publications Citations
Human Pancreatic β Cell lncRNAs Control Cell-Specific Regulatory Networks.
Cell Metab 25: 2017 400-411
TIGER: The gene expression regulatory variation landscape of human pancreatic islets.
Cell Rep 37: 2021 109807