A genome scan for genes underlying adult body size differences between Central African hunter-gatherers and farmers.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002975 Other

Study Description

The evolutionary and biological bases of the Central African pygmy phenotype, a characteristic of rainforest huntergatherers defined by reduced body size compared with neighboring farmers, remain largely unknown. Here, we perform a joint investigation in Central African hunter-gatherers and farmers of adult standing height, sitting height, leg length, and body mass index (BMI), considering 358 hunter-gatherers and 169 farmers with genotypes for 153,798 SNPs. In addition to reduced standing heights, hunter-gatherers have shorter sitting heights and leg lengths and higher sitting/standing height ratios than farmers and lower BMI for males. Standing height, sitting height, and leg length are strongly correlated with inferred levels of farmer genetic ancestry, whereas BMI is only weakly correlated, perhaps reflecting greater contributions of non-genetic factors to body weight than to height. Single- and multi-marker association tests identify one region and eight genes associated with hunter-gatherer/farmer status, and 24 genes associated with the height-related traits. Many of these ... (Show More)

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

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Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The CentralAfricanCMC_Pemberton dataset encompasses 153,798 SNPs from the Illumina Cardio-MetaboChip (Voight et al. 2012) genotyped in 406 individuals from 19 Central African Populations from Gabon, Cameroon, Centralafrican Republic and Uganda). Individual phenotypic and cultural information at the individual level for this data set encompass gender, lifestyle (hunter-gatherer or farmer), and, when available, stature phenotype (standing height in cm, sitting-height in cm, and weight in kg). ... (Show More)
Illumina Cardio-MetaboChip 406

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