The whole blood of female volunteers and sperm from the male volunteer were used to extract genomic DNA to do whole genome sequencing. Distinguished SNPs between parental genomes were retained to analyze parental allele-specific DNA methylation and chromatin accessibility in scCOOL-seq data.

Study ID Alternative Stable ID Type
EGAS00001002987 Other

Study Description

DNA methylation, chromatin states, and their interrelationships represent critical epigenetic information, but those are largely unknown in human early embryos. Here, we apply scCOOL-seq (Chromatin Overall Omic-scale Landscape Sequencing) to generate a genome-wide map of DNA methylation and chromatin accessibility at single-cell resolution during human preimplantation development. Unlike in mice, the chromatin of paternal genome is already more open than that of maternal genome at the mid-zygote stage in humans, and this state is maintained until the 4-cell stage. After fertilization, genes with high variations in DNA methylation and those with high variations in chromatin accessibility tend to be two different sets. Furthermore, 1,797 (35%) out of 5,155 widely open chromatin regions in promoters closed when transcription activity was inhibited, indicating a feedback mechanism between transcription and open chromatin maintenance. Our work paves the way for dissecting the complex, yet highly coordinated, epigenetic reprogramming during human preimplantation development.

Study Datasets 1 dataset.

Click on a Dataset ID in the table below to learn more, and to find out who to contact about access to these data

Dataset ID Description Technology Samples
The whole blood of six female volunteers and sperm from one male volunteer were used to extract genomic DNA using a DNeasy Blood & Tissue Kit (QIAGEN). 500 ng gDNA was fragmented into 300 bp by Covaris. Then, the libraries were constructed using a KAPA Hyper Prep Kit (Kapa Biosystems). In total we have 7 samples and the files we uploaded are pair-end fastq files.
Illumina HiSeq 4000 7

Who archives the data?

There are no publications available